We have made a competitor comparison of the various thermal handhelds from PARD, Pulsar, Burris, Night Tech and Hikvision. We have looked at the following important aspects:
  • Battery
    • Extremely important for the overall life span and usability of the device
  • Sensitivity
  • Core Size
  • Pixel Spacing
  • Lens F Number
    • The above 4 items are critical to the performance
  • Warranty and Service
    • What happens if they have a issue and after the warranty period
  • Optical Magnification
    • Thermals are very low magnification consider what they actually need

Any thermal device is significant investment and should last you quite a long time. It's important that you understand how and why they work so you can make a good decision on where to spend your money; they are quite technical, and we have compiled the key points that you should be looking at before even looking at an image.

Don’t just look at marketing images they don’t tell the real story, often they are literally just in front of the camera and not even taken in New Zealand.


The idea of a Thermal Handheld is to use it a lot!! So battery life is very important.

This is probably the most important item that will determine the overall lifetime of the device

Issue 1 – Recharging An internal battery must be recharged from a power source; while on shorter hunts this isn’t an issue, however on a longer hunt this renders the device unusable for quite some time while its being recharged

Issue 2 – Battery Life Batteries fail over time and degrade with usage – once that internal battery fails or doesn’t hold charge for long you have an expensive Brick!

Issue 3 – Battery Performance in Cold Weather Batteries are also affected by cold weather and often the higher run times are quoted at temperatures of 25c or so – How many of you have been night hunting in that sort of temperature?! Real world run times are going to be less than the box says.

Anything with an Internal Battery is a Bad Idea – Replaceable batteries are the best thing to have and totally remove the above issues. Even Pulsar points this out; however, they rely on their own special expensive batteries.

Our Advice – Simply you shouldn’t buy any device that relies on Internal Batteries – PERIOD!

Best Choice? PARD TA Series – these use a simple 18650 Battery – typically worth $35 for a good spare. Plus they are common for a lot of other devices such as torches and headlamps.

The Pulsar is next, they at least have replaceable batteries of their own design; but they are more expensive at $100 per battery and only usable in their own devices.

The remaining brands all have internal batteries!


One of the key figures in a Thermal Device!

This is called NETD

Simply put this is how well (at a defined set of parameters) the thermal sensor can discern between 2 temperatures. It is measured in Millikelvin (mK). Typically from 25mK to 50mK. The smaller the figure the better the sensor can discern small temperature differences, a lower figure will generally result in a better image, with better contrast

You can read more about this here

  • 25mK is Class Leading
  • 35mK is 40% WORSE than 25mK
  • 40mK is 60% WORSE than 25mK
  • 50mK is 100% WORSE than 25mK

Our Advice – A Thermal Device is all about its ability to detect things, Sensitivity is a critical factor especially when you are looking at complex areas - Purchasing a lower performance level is a compromise and where the price doesn’t reflect a lower performance level – why would you?

Best Choice? The PARD TA series uses a Thermal Core with a NETD of <25mK!! – that’s a huge 40% to the next competitor

Anything over 35mK should be avoided totally as it is old technology for a start.

<25mK is the new standard and is critical for thermal performance

Core Size

The more pixels there are, the more they can be used to make nice images, however you will notice that for the same size lens a 640 delivers around half the optical magnification of a 320-400 size core – this is because the lens must focus the ‘light’ over nearly twice the area.

It is more expensive to make a 640 Core vs a 384 Core of course as well Typically, there are 2 main sizes now, 384x288 (384) and 640x480 (640), then some brands are running 320x240 (320) and 400x300 (400) and there are a few other sizes which of course bring cost savings, such as 256x192 (256) and 160x120 (160)

640 Cores have 307,200 Pixels

If we look at the 320-400 class of cores, using the 384 as the standard

384 Cores have 110,592 Pixels

320 Cores have 76,800 Pixels – 30% Less Pixels

400 Cores have 120,000 Pixels - 8% more Pixels

256 Cores have 49,152 Pixels – 55% Less Pixels

160 Cores have 19,200 Pixels - 83% less Pixels

The number of pixels is a key figure directly responsible for the performance of the Thermal Device – The difference between 384 and 400 isn’t much, but a 320 core has nearly 1/3 less pixels which is a significant amount. The last two sizes should be avoided as they offer a vastly lower amount of pixels and would likely lead to disappointing performance against any standard Thermal Device. They do generally appear in a cheaper device, but you should check it meets your needs first in the field.

Our Advice – You are going to want to choose a Device that either has a 384/400 or 640 core. Anything less than this has significantly less pixels to work with and this will affect its overall performance.

Best Choice? The PARD TA Series again!

While the Burris has a slightly larger core at 400 pixels, this is just 8% better in size, the Burris only has a .17 Pixel Spacing which lets it down AND they don’t list the NETD at all – which tends to suggest it’s certainly not at the front of the pack

Pixel Spacing

Another key component in determining the performance of the Thermal Device. This is measured in microns (um), smaller is closer and therefore more pixels per square inch of target, which means more resolution. Over the years this was .25 then we have moved to .17 and now we have .12 as the new standard.

The difference from .17 to .12 is 29% so that is a significant difference

Our Advice – Choose a device that has a .12um core; anything else is based on older technology.

Best Choice? Most of the devices are using .12um cores now which is the new standard.

However several of the Hikvision (OWL Range), All of the Burris and one of the Pulsars are still using the .17 cores.

The Pulsar Axion X30S also uses a smaller core of just 320 pixels, this is some 30% less than the others

Lens F Number

So what does F1.0 and F1.2 mean?

Basically it represents the size of the lens - Just like the pupil in your eye, a larger aperture lets in a lot of light – Any number larger than F1.0 is losing ‘light’ and therefore reducing the performance of the scope

A F1.0 allows 44% MORE light than a F1.2 of the same size

Why do they make F1.2 Lenses – its cheaper, the material they are made out of is expensive, also for larger lenses say 100mm they become quite heavy and bulky too – so sometimes its worth sacrificing some performance.

Our Advice – Choose a device that has an F1.0 Lens. In this size of Thermal Device, there is no need to save weight or size – you are losing performance which added to the core sensitivity will add up to a significant performance loss.

Best Choice? All PARD TA Series have F1.0 Lenses as do Most of the Night Tech and also all of the HikVision devices. Pulsar and Burris both use F1.2 Lenses which provide less thermal light through and contribute to less performance.

Warranty and Service

While electronic devices are quite reliable, these devices are used in the outdoors and weather. You should be looking for a 3 year warranty on any Thermal Device, this is becoming quite standard. However a very important factor is what happens when something does go wrong. Ask the following questions:
  1. How Long is the Warranty For?
  2. If I have an issue where is it repaired?
  3. Will they be able to service it after the warranty expires?
  4. Do they send it away straight away or hold it for one shipment in a month?
  5. How long will it take?
The last one is critical; if Our answers are below:
  1. All PARD thermals have a 3 year warranty
  2. We are to our knowledge unique in that we can repair our units in our facilities in Melbourne (We also Repair LabRadars, Longshot Cameras and other items for Civilian and Government Users)
  3. Yes we are able to repair at a cost after the warranty has expired, we will examine your device and give you a price and if its economic then we can repair it
  4. We send them straight away
  5. At the moment with Covid shipping 2-3 weeks

Best Choice? All devices come with a 3 year warranty (Burris didn’t list theirs). The key point to find out is going to be about their servicing abilities and how long it will take – We suggest you ask the above questions.


Optical Magnification

Remember to factor in the Optical Magnification you are looking for – your binos are probably 8-10x – Thermals are generally around 2-5x that’s a huge difference, don’t rely on digital zoom, that’s just making a low-resolution image bigger.

Our Advice – Choose the magnification level you want

How Digital Zoom Works

When you use digital zoom, it ONLY enlarges the pixels AND reduces the image resolution and the image quality. And the further you zoom the worse it gets

The more steps you use in Digital Zoom the worse the image will be from the base optical level – The size of the sensor reduces this at the beginning if it is more pixels recorded, but once the image is smaller than the sensor there aren’t any extra pixels to make up the image and from then its all down hill for image quality.

For example if the 384x288 sensor is on 8 times zoom you are using just 48×36 pixels displayed on your screen at 21×21 pixels for a SINGLE real pixel

Bottom Line – be very wary of claims of huge Zoom ranges as to if they are really usable or not at real world distances; especially with thermals you need to have the base Optical magnification for most of your viewing requirements.

384 Versions

Brand Model Sensor Size Pixel Size Lens F NETD Optical Mag FOV - H Battery Type Warranty RRP
PARD TA32-19 384x288 .12 19mm F1.0 <25mK 2.7x 13.8 1x18650 3 Years $2599
PARD TA32-25 384x288 .12 25mm F1.0 <25mK 3.5x 10.6 1x18650 3 Years $2899
PARD TA32-35 384x288 .12 35mm F1.0 <25mK 4.5x 7.5 1x18650 3 Years $3299
Pulsar Axion XM30S 320x240 .12 30mm F1.2 <50mK 4.5x 7.3 Pulsar Designed Replaceable 3 Years $3399
Pulsar Axion XQ38 384x288 .17 30mm F1.2 <40mK 3.5x 9.8 Pulsar Designed Replaceable 3 Years   $4199
Burris BTH25 400x300 .17 25mm F1.2 Not Listed 1.7x 15.4 Internal Not Listed $3549
Burris BTH35 400x300 .17 35mm F1.2 Not Listed 2.3x 11.1 Internal Not Listed $3949
Burris BTH50 400x300 .17 50mm F1.2 Not Listed 3.3x 7.8 Internal Not Listed $4349
Night Tech XD35 II 384x288 .12 25mm F1.0 <50mK 2.5x 10.5 Internal 3 Years $3399
Night Tech XD50 II 384x288 .12 35mm F1.0 <50mK   3.5x 7.5 Internal   3 Years   $3999
Hikvision Lynx LH19 384x288 .12 19mm F1.0 <35mk 1.86x 13.8 Internal 3 Years   $2299
Hikvision   Lynx LH25 384x288   .12 25mm F1.0 <35mk   2.45x 10.5 Internal 3 Years   $2499
Hikvision   Owl OH25 384x288   .17 25mm F1.0 <35mk   1.7x 14.88 Internal 3 Years   $2799
Hikvision   Owl OH35 384x288   .17 35mm F1.0 <35mk   2.3x 10.66 Internal 3 Years   $3499
  640 Versions
PARD TA62-25 640x480 .12 25mm F1.0 <25mK 2x 17.5 1x18650 3 Years $4699
PARD TA62-35 640x480 .12 35mm F1.0 <25mK 2.8x 12.5 1x18650 3 Years $5099
Hikvision   Owl OQ35 640x512 .17 35mm F1.0 <35mk   1.4x 17.7 Internal 3 Years   $4999
Night Tech XD50 Pro II 640x480 .12 35mm F1.0 <50mK   2.1x 12.5 Internal   3 Years   $5699
Night Tech XD65 Pro II 640x480 .12 50mm F1.2 <50mK   3.0x 8.8 Internal   3 Years   $6399
  Source – Puslar Advanced Optics Website and Hunting and Fishing for Pricing 13-10-21 Burris – Burris Optics and Hunting and Fishing for Pricing 13-10-21 Night Tec Cameron Outdoors website 13-10-21 Hikvision – Huntsman Website 13-10-21